Patent grants involve a comprehensive examination and review by the relevant government authority to ensure that the invention satisfies specific legal requirements such as novelty, non-obviousness, and industrial applicability.
The patent office conducts a search to determine if the invention has already been patented or disclosed by others and may request additional information or amendment of the application. The high volume of patent applications can also cause delays in the processing of the application. These measures are in place to ensure that only truly innovative and practical inventions are granted patent protection. That’s why it takes more than a year to be granted.
The following chart was created based on Patent application data in 2021 that have been granted as of February 2023, where China dominates with 607,758 patents or about 38% of the total.
In addition, China dominates in 29 categories:
|1. Computer & Technology
2. Electrical, Machinery, Apparatus, & Energy
3. Digital Communication
6. Civil Engineering
7. Other Special Machines
8. Audio Visual Technology
9. Machine Tools
10. Chemical Engineering
13. Materials & Metallurgy
15. Mechanical Elements
17. Basic Materials Chemistry
19. Organic Fine Chemistry
20. IT Methods for Management
21. Macromolecular Chemistry & Polymers
22. Other Consumer Goods
|23. Environmental Technology
24. Thermal Processes & Apparatus
25. Surface Technology Coating
26. Textile & Paper Machines
27. Food Chemistry
28. Analysis of Biological Material
29. Micro Structural & Nano Technology
Meanwhile, the United States only obtained 286,206 patents granted, only 18% or less than half of China’s total. The United States only dominates in the categories of Medical Technology, Engine Pumps & Turbines, Basic Communication Processes, and Other Unknown Inventions.
Next, there is Japan with 256,890 patents granted, or about 16% of the composition. Japan leads in the categories of Semiconductors, Optics, as well as Furnitures & Games.
What about Indonesia? Data from WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) which can be accessed through www3.wipo.int/ipstats/ shows that Indonesia only had 756 patents granted in 2021. This number is lower than Singapore with 4,034 and Malaysia with 1,583.
These Indonesian patents are dominated by inventions originating from state universities, such as Andalas University, Brawijaya University, Gadjah Mada University, Diponegoro University, and Bandung Institute of Technology.